Uncorking the mysteries of wine

FAQs for wine enthusiasts

What is wine?

Wine is a fermented alcoholic beverage made from grapes. It is a popular drink that has been around for thousands of years and is enjoyed all over the world.

What’s the difference between red wine and white wine?

Red wine is made with darker red or black grapes, and the skins remain on the grapes during the fermentation process. This gives it a soft, rich, and velvety flavor.
White wine is primarily made with white grapes, and the skins are separated from the juice before the fermentation process. This gives it a zesty acidity, floral aromas, and pure fruit notes. White wines are often crisper than those of red wines, with flavors such as citrus, freshly cut grass, stone fruits, and aromatic hints of floral.

What wine is best for beginners?

The best wines for beginners are typically white wines like Sauvignon Blanc and bubbles like Prosecco, as well as red wines without too much tannin such as Bondarda, Pinot Noir, and Red Zinfandel.
Other good options include Vinho Verde, Pinot Grigio, Sancerre, Vermentino, Grenache Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon and True Myth Cabernet Sauvignon. If you want to find out more about the best wine for beginners, check out our dedicated article:
Top 10 Best Wines for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide


Why is learning about wine important?

Wine is an incredibly complex and diverse beverage, and there’s a lot to learn about it. But the more you know about wine, the more you’ll be able to enjoy it. Learning about wine can also be a fun and interesting hobby, and it’s a great way to explore different cultures.
Wineistic is a comprehensive wine database built by and for wine lovers. Check our blog for in-depth articles, or our FAQ section for short answers.

What is French Paradox?

The French Paradox is the observation of low coronary heart disease (CHD) death rates among the french male population, despite high intake of dietary cholesterol and saturated fat.
It has been suggested that this could be due to higher consumption of wine in France, as well as other factors such as the Mediterranean diet and cheese consumption.
However there is counter evidence which suggests that resveratrol and wine have no protective properties and that other factors may be at play.
Reference here

What are tannins?

Tannins are compounds found in wine that contribute to its taste, mouthfeel, and structure. They are naturally occurring compounds found in grape skins, stems, and seeds, as well as in oak barrels used for aging.
Tannins give wine a bitter, astringent taste and provide a drying sensation in the mouth. They also act as a natural preservative and play a role in the aging and development of wine's flavor and aroma over time.

What are sulfites?

Sulfites are compounds used as preservatives in wine to prevent spoilage and oxidation. They are added in the form of sulfur dioxide (SO2) which acts as an antimicrobial agent and also helps to stabilize the wine's color and flavor. Sulfites are commonly found in most wines, including white, red, and rosé wines.
While they play an important role in wine production, some people may be sensitive to sulfites and experience allergic reactions such as headaches or asthma. The levels of sulfites in wine are regulated by governments and must be listed on the label if they exceed a certain threshold.

Are sulfites dangerous?

Sulfites are generally considered safe for most people. However, some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to sulfites, which can cause symptoms such as headaches, skin rashes, hives, nausea, abdominal pain, and difficulty breathing. These reactions are more common in people with asthma or a sulfite sensitivity. The severity of these reactions can range from mild to severe and in rare cases, can be life-threatening.
It's important to note that sulfites are widely used as a preservative in many foods and drinks, not just wine, and are considered safe by regulatory agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). If you have concerns about sulfites, you should consult a doctor or allergist for personalized advice.
More information here


What is the difference between wines from Old World and New World?

Old World wines refer to wines produced in Europe, primarily in countries such as France, Italy, Spain, and Germany. These wines have a long history of winemaking traditions and tend to have a more traditional, classic style. They are typically made with local grape varieties and are often fermented and aged in barrels made of oak.

New World wines, on the other hand, refer to wines produced in countries outside of Europe such as Australia, New Zealand, the United States, South Africa, and South America. These wines are characterized by a more modern winemaking style that often emphasizes the use of technology and more bold, fruit-forward flavors. New World wines tend to use international grape varieties and are often fermented and aged in stainless steel tanks.

In general, the difference between Old World and New World wines can be described as a distinction between tradition and innovation, with Old World wines being more traditional and focused on terroir and wine-making techniques, while New World wines are more focused on bold flavors and a modern winemaking approach.

What is wine fermentation?

Wine fermentation is the process by which yeast converts the natural sugars in grape juice into alcohol and carbon dioxide. This process is initiated by adding yeast to the grape juice, which consumes the sugar and produces alcohol as a byproduct. The yeast also produces other byproducts such as heat, gases, and flavor compounds that contribute to the final taste and character of the wine.

Fermentation can occur naturally, using the yeast present on the grape skins, or it can be initiated using commercial yeast strains that are selected for specific wine styles or desired qualities. The temperature, yeast strain, and other factors can be controlled to influence the speed and outcome of the fermentation process.


Wine fermentation typically lasts several days to several weeks, depending on the desired wine style, and can be stopped by adding wine preservatives such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) or by cooling the wine to low temperatures to slow or kill the yeast. The final result of wine fermentation is a wine with an alcohol content ranging from as low as 5% to as high as 20%.

join our newsletter
Copyright © 2024 Wine.istic
Made in NYC by
Clear Maze Tech